Bill Gates’s proposal to avoid climate disaster | Digital Trends Spanish
Bill Gates, the billionaire co-founder of Microsoft, has assured that solving climate change will be “the most amazing thing that humanity has done”, an even greater challenge to defeat the COVID-19 pandemic.
“We have never made a transition like the one we are talking about in the next 30 years. There is no precedent for this, ”said Gates, who just released his book How to avoid a weather disaster.
The text, considered a guide to tackling global warming, offers a list of measures that countries could take to accelerate the transition, such as high carbon prices, standards for clean electricity and fuel, financing for research and development.
According to Gates, governments need to fivefold their annual investments in clean technology, which in the United States alone would add up to $ 35 billion.
Although he declares himself an optimist that the world is capable of developing the technology necessary to reverse climate change, he also devotes an entire chapter to analyzing the difficulties facing this problem.
Speaking to the BBC, Gates said that 51 billion is the amount of tons of greenhouse gases that the world usually adds to the atmosphere every year.
The challenge is to reduce emissions to a level where any release is balanced by absorbing an equivalent amount from the atmosphere. For example, when planting trees, which absorb COtwo through its leaves.
Although wind and solar power would help “decarbonize” electricity, it only represents 30 percent of total emissions. The challenge is to do the same with the remaining 70 percent, where the steel, cement and transportation industries are located, among others.
In his view, governments must lead this process. “We need to have price signals to tell the private sector that we want green products,” he said.
He foresees that without the intervention of the world’s governments, it will be impossible to avoid a disaster, especially in countries that live near the equator. “Companies just can’t change all that physical infrastructure unless the market signals are constant and very clear,” he said.