How to move Windows 10 to SSD (if you need to replace your hard drive) | Digital Trends Spanish
When talking about computers, speed is important, but it is not everything: data integrity and security are very important aspects to consider. With that in mind, swapping out that noisy old hard drive for a solid state drive is the best decision, as they have both qualities going for them. The best? Moving Windows 10 to SSD is not difficult: you just have to take care of certain aspects that we list here.
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Note: This guide is designed primarily for people who only change units. It may work if you are upgrading or building a computer, depending on your setup. However, it will almost certainly not work for any virtualization project, although you can find those services if you are willing to pay for them.
Step 1: prepare your computer
Before copying and moving anything, it’s important to make sure you clean up your files so that the transition is as quick and painless as possible. Fortunately, Windows comes with its own cleaning tool, which we recommend using before proceeding.
Just search Disk Cleanup in the Windows search bar and click the appropriate link. Once opened, you should see a box with a list of file types, allowing you to check the files you want to get rid of.
In this case, you should check most, because these are classifications of files that you do not need, such as temporary files or data from the Recycle Bin. It is always a good idea to confirm twice, in case there is something you want to keep.
Click on Clean system files near the bottom of the window. This adds some additional files that you may want to remove, such as Windows Installations, which can be quite heavy, especially if you are part of the program. Windows Insider Windows 10.
Note: When the Disk Cleanup tool changes to include system file types, it resets the changes you made.
Press okay to run the tool, which will remove all the junk from your system. Even several GB of data, the process shouldn’t take too long.
Step 2: install a migration tool
Windows 10 does not offer an easy method to clone or swap your operating system to a new hard drive. The good news is that there are many applications that allow you to do exactly that.
These are typically backup programs that include cloning features specifically designed to move Windows 10 between disks. There are quite a few to choose from, but below are several free options that we recommend.
- EaseUS Todo Backup Free 13.0The long name hides a robust backup tool, which has a friendly interface, both for advanced Windows users and newcomers.
- EaseUS Partition Master Professional 15.0– A more professional version with better data management tools, for those who are more experienced and want more control over the migration process. However, make sure you go for the free trial version, which should be sufficient.
- AOMEI Backupper Standard 6.4– A long-term backup solution with an animated interface. This app is an excellent choice if you like the idea of using backup and cloning tools for future projects, but don’t have any current solutions.
Once you’ve downloaded the app you like, it’s a good time to back up your data in case something goes wrong. Launch it and check the main menu.
All the aforementioned tools have a clear sidebar and a top menu with options including Backup copy or Backup tool.
Choose the appropriate option and select where you want to backup your files. Then wait the necessary time, before moving on to the migration procedure.
We probably don’t have to say it, but you shouldn’t back up your data to the hard drive you’re using for migration. Use an external hard drive or specify a cloud backup service.
Step 3: choose your destination unit
Connect your new or old hard drive, depending on how or why you are migrating, to your computer. You have a variety of options for connecting a new internal hard drive, but the most common is SATA.
The SATA cables They are flat, often red in color, and the connectors have an L-shaped curve at one end. Find a free slot on your main card to connect the drive and a spare power cord coming out of the power supply and it should be working. An external SSD, on the other hand, will generally use a USB connection or another simpler option.
Open your chosen backup app. In the main menu, look for the option that says Migrate OS to SSD / HDD, Clone Or simply Migrate. This should open a new window where the program will detect the drives connected to your computer and request a target drive. Make sure to choose your new SSD or other drive as the destination and make sure the destination drive has enough space.
This window should also provide useful information about the data on each drive: the example below is from EaseUS Partition Manager, the one above is from AOMEI Backupper.
Step 4: adjust the partition size
These backup tools will generally give you options to adjust custom partitions. You will be able to delete partitions on the destination drive, which you should do if it has been used before or has been configured to work with a different device from the factory.
If you’re unsure, it’s a good idea to delete the partitions, just to be safe. You will also have the option to choose how partitions are sized when migrated. You can choose to make a copy without resizing, but this is often a poor choice that the tool doesn’t take advantage of.
Instead, choose the alternative to fit and optimize the partitions to the new drive: oroptimize, resize or similar commands are what you should be aware of.
The program’s cloning wizard will take over. Check the drives and start the migration process. Confirm that you want to continue and the software will notify you when it is done.
This can take some time, so make sure the power cables are connected and that older hard drives have plenty of room to “breathe” to prevent them from overheating.
When the migration is complete, restart your computer and check if everything works. The app should prompt you to do so, or you can choose to automatically restart after the migration process is complete.
Then you can remove the backup tool or keep it for further data management.