How Yuri Gagarin’s historic flight into space was created | Digital Trends Spanish
Only cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin and German Titov slept that night. At four in the morning on April 12, 1961, the crew of the Vostok-1 spacecraft arrived at the starting position. There were only hours left for the Soviet Union to write one of the most important pages in history: the first time man reached space.
60 years ago, radio stations around the world interrupted their broadcasts to announce the news: a man in space! The world heard Gagarin’s “here we go”, which marked the beginning of manned space exploration.
Gagarin flew 108 minutes around the Earth in the Vostok-1 spacecraft. He returned safe and sound. A milestone that the Soviet Union achieved just three years after launching its first artificial satellite into space.
How the first space mission was conceived
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At the beginning of 1959, a small circle of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union discussed the possibility of manned flights to space.
The Soviet Union had a successful experience: in 1957 it had put the first artificial satellite in history, Sputnik 1, into orbit, and it had also sent the first living being into the cosmos, the dog Laika.
Thus, government decrees were issued ordering the first manned space flight. On March 7, 1960 the creation of the Corps of Cosmonauts was ordered, a group of 20 pilots that over the years would be known as the Gagarin detachment.
The candidates began to arrive in Moscow. For six months they thoroughly studied the spacecraft and how all its systems work. They received theoretical studies, such as dynamic space medicine, and physical training, in heat chambers and zero gravity.
On October 11, 1960 it was determined that a group of six pilots would work on an accelerated program, including a Vostok-1 spacecraft simulator.
January 17, 1961 was the first day of exams. After two days of testing, the surname Gagarin was first on the list of candidates for the flight.
Almost two months later, on March 9, the same day that Gagarin turned 27, the Soviet Union sent a test spaceship, with the dog Chernushka and the doll Ivan Ivanovich. It was completed successfully after 115 minutes. Two weeks later, on March 25, another test flight was successfully completed.
It was clear to all: the first launch of man into space was imminent.
It was on April 10 when the date of the maiden flight was decided: April 12, 1961, in addition to officially announcing that it would be piloted by Gagarin and Titov would be his alternate. The spacecraft was already docked to the launch vehicle and final operations were underway.
At 3:30 a.m. on April 12, Gagarin and Titov were getting up for breakfast. Meanwhile, a voice warned: “A seven-hour preparation for all services is announced! Start preparing the rocket and the Vostok spacecraft! “
Gagarin’s health data was recorded for the last time at 9 am. Everything was going smoothly. “Here we go,” he yelled a minute later as the spacecraft took off from the Baikonur space center.
“The Earth is blue. It’s incredible, ”he said on the 108-minute flight, marking one of the major milestones of the space age.